Urinary Frequency / Urgency

Urgency incontinence is a type of incontinence in which the urge to urinate is difficult to delay. It can lead to urinary frequency, and then sometimes, loss of control of bladder function.

In general, healthy humans who drink approximately 64 ounces of fluid a day will urinate (perform the controlled release of urine from the body) four to eight times a day.  This number varies, is specific to each person, and may include varying amounts of urine.

Normal urination frequency can be determined by:

  • age and gender
  • bladder size
  • fluid intake and types of fluid consumed (water, alcohol, or caffeinated drinks)
  • certain medications
  • the presence of certain medical conditions (diabetes, urinary tract infections)

If you are urinating more than what is normal for you, or have sudden urges to urinate, this could be a symptom of other health issues. In general, urinary frequency is defined as urinating more than 8 times per day and / or more than two times nightly.

Seek medical help if you experience:

  • incontinence / loss of bladder control
  • abnormally discolored urine
  • a stronger than normal urge to urinate
  • difficulty urinating
  • pain or discomfort (including a burning sensation) when urinating
  • your quality of life is being affected by frequent or urgent urination


There are many possible causes for frequent and urgent urination, including:

  • urinary tract infections
  • bladder infections
  • overactive bladder
  • other diseases that affect the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra)
  • change in or weakening of muscles or nerves that play a role in bladder function
  • medicines or beverages that affect urine production

Pelvic Health Center:

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