Robot Assisted, Minimally Invasive Surgery
Robotic surgery at Texas Health Flower Mound encompasses many invasive procedures that utilize a da Vinci surgical robot. This procedure enables surgeons to perform complex surgical procedures very precisely, with reduced risk to the patient.
Who should consider robotic surgery?
Not all patients will be ideal candidates for robotic surgery. Among those who will best benefit from the procedure are:
- Bariatric surgery patients. Open surgery can be risky for weight loss surgery patients due to other conditions related to obesity. In most cases, robotic surgery is a safer option when applicable.
- Working adults. Career professionals typically need to go back to their normal routines as soon as possible. The shorter recovery period associated with robotic surgery makes this possible.
- Colorectal surgery patients. For procedures involving the small and large intestines, smaller incisions are often preferable. Such procedures are best done via robotic surgery.
- Patients that require complex surgery. Procedures involving the heart, chest, liver, pancreas, or other organs are often done more efficiently via robotic surgery. This option is often much less risky than traditional or open surgery.
- Patients 60 years old and older. Older patients may have improved heart and lung function after undergoing robotic surgery. The quicker recovery period and shorter hospital stay are also beneficial for such patients.
Patients that are not good candidates for robotic surgery are those not able to go under general anesthesia, those that have scar tissue or some other blockage that obstructs the view of the camera, those that have cirrhosis or other advanced liver conditions, those that have bleeding-related issues, and those that cannot undergo laparoscopic surgery.
What to expect
Robotic surgery typically involves the use of the da Vinci Si, a surgical robot fitted with miniature surgical instruments on three robotic arms. These components enable surgeons to perform very precise methods with a full range of motion and precision. The da Vinci also has a fourth arm which has a high-definition 3D camera. This enables the surgeon to see the area being operated on.
In the operating room, there is a console from which the surgeon operates the instruments and the camera. The master controls enable the surgeon to manipulate all four arms of the machine at the same time. There is also a high-definition monitor from which the surgeon can see the area being operated on.
The movements of the robot are controllable to a very precise degree. The scale of movement can even be modified according to the surgeon's requirements. The console itself allows for the optimum alignment of the surgeon’s eyes and hands and view of the surgery area. This helps minimize fatigue.
Robotic surgery essentially gives surgeons a great degree of control over a minimally invasive procedure. This makes it possible to perform complex surgical procedures with very small incisions.
Among the results that are obtainable via robotic surgery are:
- Reduced trauma
- Minimal scarring
- Shorter recovery periods
Minimally invasive / Robotic option / Da Vinci
Robotic surgery could be a feasible alternative to traditional or open surgery, particularly if your health or an existing condition makes such procedures risky. Your doctor will discuss all available options with you and make a recommendation as to whether or not you are a good candidate for robotic surgery.